PERSIAN HOREVAN, SERAPI, KHORASAN, AND MESHED OR MUSKABAD RUGS

Ghorevan, or Gorevan, is a city in the district of Herez not far from Tabriz. The rugs marketed under this name are in carpet sizes and of excellent quality. The figures are large and bold, always geometrical, and they usually have a large centre medallion. The corners are frequently cut off and the border has one broad main stripe usually set between two narrow ones. The background is frequently blue, bright yet of a soft, pleasing quality; old rose, tans, browns, and buff gryas are employed in combination in the carpets and sometimes take the place of the blue as the main body colour. Serapi rugs are made in or near the village of Sirab in the Gorevan district. The pattern are mostly of the Tabriz variety and as a rule lighter colours are employed than in the Gorevan. They come almost exclusively in carpet sizes and stand about midway between th Gorevan and Tabriz rugs as to quality and price. Khorasan rugs come in all sizes and the pear pattern in great variety is the characteristic design, although some have a medallion in the centre. The border has one main stripe in which a waving vine is usually found, or the Herati or the pear pattern. The distinguishing characteristic of the rugs is their silky, fleece like apperance suggesting the long nap of canton flannel. It is produced by the long pile; four or five rows are tied with no weft to separate them, then three or four threads are thrown across, this leave long strands of wool to untwist and become very silky with wear. A system of uneven clipping is also employed which heightens this effect. The Mesheds, or Muskabads, as they are often called in Turkey, come from the capitol of the Khorasan district and are warm and lustrous in tone and follow more the conventional medallion and cut off corner design than the Khorasan proper.


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