Pergamos or Bergama Rugs

   Pergamos or Bergama rugs, as they are sometimes called, are a type by themselves.Pergamos when St. John wrote of it in Revelation , was one of the oldest cities of Asia Minor, having a history supplemented by tradition reaching back to Telephos, the son of Hercules, whose interesting history carved in marble adorned the frieze of the great temple and is now to be seen in the Museum at Berlin. Its rulers were at least amenable to the influences of Grcian art, as is witnessed by its ruined Acropolis and even by the designs found in the rugs woven there. Most of the Pergamos rugs made today are coarse and degenerate in pattern. In the old rugs, although the nap is a bit longer than in the Ghiordes, Kulahs, or Ladiks, still the effect is good. Blue and red set off by white are the colours commonly found in them. The design always starts from the centre and is repeated each way, and frequently a tuft of wool is found in the centre, a sort of evil-eye charm. They are usually small rugs, wide in proportion to their length. The curious treatment of the last two or three warp threads on each side which are worked in the kilim stitch forming a strong selvedge is a peculiar characteristic of this make of rug.

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