In this post, i will introduce you the Globally famous Turkish "Hereke" area rugs.
Hereke carpet in Dolmabahçe Palace in Istanbul,Turkey
The finest contemporary and highest quality of silk and wool carpets currently made in Turkey are produced in a town near Istanbul, called Hereke. Hereke carpet workshop was established during the Ottoman era in 1891 to weave area rugs for the palace only. Later on carpets to be presented to European emperors as gifts were also loomed at that workshop. The best weavers from all around the empire was brought to Hereke carpet workshop by the special order of The Ottoman Sultan, in order to produce the best Area rugs in the world. Consequently the carpets produced there have been among the finest examples in the history of carpet weaving.
Hereke carpets are either woven in silk or wool and cotton. Pure silk Hereke rugs uses the silks of "Bursa" in Turkey. Bursa has centuries of history for silk producing and Bursa silks are well known for their high quality. In wool and cotton Hereke rugs the warps and wefts are cotton and the best quality of wool is used for knots in pile.
The silk Hereke area rugs has from 1.0 to 1.2 million knots per square meter. The knot density in the highest quality wool carpets is between 360.000 to 400.000 knots per squaremeter. In second quality wool Hereke rugs the knots are around 250.000 to 300.000 per square meter. The dominant colours in Hereke carpets are dark blue, cream and cinnamon and ocassionally yellow and green are used. Hereke carpets are decorated with the most beautiful motif, pointing to the continuity of the Ottoman culture in which love of nature has a special significance. Hereke rug motif also influinced from the fabric workshops around in Hereke town which were producing the best fabrics in the Empire to be used by the royal family. Natural flowers and bouquets are permanent patterns in Hereke rugs.
FLOWERS OF SEVEN MOUNTAINS: As a design denoting Istanbul which was built on seven hills, it symbolises the flowers of these seven hills.
TULIP: It is a symbol of love and peace. The tulip was a symbol of a period in Ottoman history, which was named after this flower. It is told that in this period, the so called "Tulip era" there were forty eight different kinds of tulip motifs to be found in Ottoman carpets. Some hereke carpets are also decorated entirely with different tulip motifs today.
ALMOND: This motif originating from the far east denotes the duality of love and passion, night and day, male and female.